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A general contractor’s role is crucial to a project’s success. These professionals are responsible for transforming construction visions into realities while managing the budget and timeline. For more information, just visit the J&R Construction to proceed.
When hiring a general contractor, look for credentials and experience. It would help to consider whether they are licensed, insured, and bonding. A bonding company will cover any negligence or fraud committed by the GC, which benefits your project.
Project planning is a critical aspect of general construction. It involves creating a plan for the entire project to help control cost, quality, changes, risk, and schedule. It also includes determining the requirements of the project’s stakeholders and establishing the project deliverables. This project phase is important to get right, as it will set the tone for how well the rest of the project goes.
There are many ways to approach a construction plan, each with pros and cons. For example, some projects are primarily cost-oriented and include an overall cost management plan (CMP). This type of planning allows project teams to develop a strategic picture of the costs and estimated time for substantial completion. In contrast, other projects emphasize the scheduling of work activities over time. This type of planning is sometimes called activity-based project management.
A typical construction plan consists of an initiation stage, where the project sponsor or manager names a project manager and specifies goals and scope. It may also include a project charter, which outlines the project manager’s and other managers’ responsibilities, as well as the project budget and schedule. In addition, the initiation stage typically includes conducting market and feasibility studies.
The next step in project planning is identifying the work tasks required to achieve the project’s goals and objectives. The resulting work breakdown structure enables project managers to determine the resources needed for each activity and any necessary precedence relationships between them. These are commonly represented in a diagram known as an activity network. Ideally, these networks are checked by skilled project managers or formal computer scheduling systems to avoid common mistakes in construction planning.
These errors include specifying a circular set of activity precedences or failing to make essential precedences. For instance, installing wall framing should be done before finishing the floor, but if this relationship is overlooked, the two activities could overlap, creating expensive problems. In the latter case, it might be best to rework the schedule and reschedule the activities.
When developing a construction project, examining the internal factors affecting the schedule, such as staffing and resource availability, is important. This will help you identify issues and develop a strategy to overcome them. For example, you might need to add more resources or reschedule the work to meet deadlines.
Permits are essential to any construction project, as they ensure that all contractors follow a certain standard. They also help to prevent any accidents that might occur on-site and protect the property owners from liability. While permits create a lot of red tape, the standards they enforce are worth it in the long run.
The first permit that you will likely need is a building permit. This will usually be obtained by a licensed professional engineer or architect hired to work on the project. They will need to submit all of the necessary documents and designs for approval. The plans will then be reviewed to ensure they comply with local and state laws. If there are any objections, the plans will be revised accordingly. Once the plans have been approved, you can start construction on your new building.
A large construction project may also require a State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) permit to control stormwater discharges. This will be issued by the Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC). The new construction general permit, GP-0-20-001, replaces and updates the previous general permit for stormwater discharges from construction activities.
For sites larger than 1 acre, GP-0-20-001 requires an enforceable water quality management plan (WQMP). The WQMP must be prepared by a Certified SWPPP Developer and approved by the Department. The WQMP must include a detailed description of the construction activities and their impacts, including:
On linear sites, GP-0-20-001 requires that the operator maintain a natural buffer with vegetation. Buffers can be provided by maintaining existing vegetation, relocating vegetation, and providing supplemental erosion and sediment controls. In addition, the GP-0-20-001 requires that operators perform inspections within 24 hours of a rainfall event that produces 0.25 inches or more of rain volume on the site.
Several other considerations must be considered when applying for construction permits, including materials usage, health, accessibility design, and zoning bylaws. Understanding these requirements before starting a construction project is important, as failure to follow the law could result in costly fines or even criminal charges.
Whether it’s an entire home remodel or building a new commercial project, it takes a lot of different individuals to complete the task. In general construction, the GC often works with subcontractors who specialize in specific types of work, such as plumbing or electrical. This allows the GC to focus on the overall coordination of the construction project, scheduling, budgeting, resource allocation, and subcontractor communication.
In addition to working with specialized contractors, GCs have to deal with moving materials and labor. They must ensure that the correct men and equipment are in the right place at the right time to ensure that projects stay on schedule. This is why many GCs have teams of professionals experienced in project management and logistics.
Another important aspect of a GC’s job is to verify that all work done by subcontractors is accurate and meets the required specifications. This is especially true regarding electrical and plumbing work, which can be dangerous if not done correctly. A GC must ensure all subcontractors are licensed and insured and have the proper experience and expertise to complete the work.
If a subcontractor fails to meet the required standards, the GC must ensure that they are properly disciplined or terminated. This can be a lengthy process, but it is important to protect the integrity of the project and the safety of the workers.
A GC must work with the architect to ensure the project is constructed per the plans and specifications. They must also ensure all necessary permits are obtained and the site is ready for the next construction phase. GCs also need to provide utilities on the project site, secure the site, and perform engineering functions.
GCs typically conduct prequalifications for all subcontractors on their construction sites. They will request information on a subcontractor’s financial history, insurance coverage, bonding capabilities, project experience, etc. This helps them paint a clear picture of the type of contractor that they are hiring for a particular job.
Communication is an important part of any construction project. It allows crews to share information quickly and accurately. With proper communication, projects can stay on time and be more expensive than they need to be. Strong communication skills can improve team working relationships and help keep projects on track.
Communication happens when a message is sent, received, and interpreted. People communicate with each other using different languages, written or oral, and in a variety of settings. Some are private and public, while others may be social or professional. Communication can also occur between members of the same team or members from different teams. People usually talk to one another in person, by phone, email, or social media.
It is important to establish a hierarchy for any project early on and define lines of communication. This can be done through initial contracts, including the hierarchy for crew members, contractors and subcontractors, and the project owner. This can prevent confusion down the line and ensure that everyone clearly understands who is responsible for communicating specific tasks and requests.
The construction industry relies on good communication to stay on schedule and within budget. Poor communication is the number one cause of project delays and is responsible for lost profits. A study by the Project Management Institute found that ineffective communication costs $70-$100 million on construction projects each year.
A candidate must have strong project management and communication skills to be an effective general contractor. These skills allow the GC to meticulously plan and oversee construction endeavors while fostering a collaborative environment. Applicants must also be licensed, which requires passing an exam and meeting licensing requirements that vary by region.
A high school diploma is the minimum educational requirement to become a GC. However, some candidates complete a two- or four-year college degree in architecture, structural engineering, building science, and economics, among other subjects. In addition, a GC must have extensive construction experience and be familiar with all phases of the construction process.